Working Papers

These papers are working drafts of research which often appear in final form in academic journals. The published versions may differ from the working versions provided here.

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Sven A. Beiker, Robert A. Burgelman
April 2020

This paper examines the automation and sharing aspects of the competitive dynamics of the emerging automated mobility industry. It applies strategic management, technological innovation and forecasting frameworks to examine how the different categories of industry...

Jeffrey Pfeffer
November 2019

Forty-five years ago, power as a topic was mostly absent from management textbooks and courses, including executive education teaching, in the fields of business and public administration. This was the case notwithstanding the fact that...

Julien Clement
August 2019

This study builds a theory of collective sensemaking in the face of environmental change. Our arguments build upon a well-known observation about the division of labor, which typically turns organizations into “nearly decomposable” systems of...

Richard Lu, Jennifer A. Chatman, Amir Goldberg, Sameer B. Srivastava
March 3, 2019

Why are some people more successful than others at fitting in culturally over time? Prior research has offered divergent and seemingly inconsistent answers to this question. One perspective has highlighted the importance of shared values...

Daniel W. Elfenbein, Adina Sterling
August 19, 2018

This paper examines when and under what conditions whom to hire is a strategic decision. We identify four mechanisms involved in hiring that add to the “strategicness” of human capital decisions. We posit that, to...

Matthew Corritore, Amir Goldberg, Sameer B. Srivastava
August 2018

How does cultural heterogeneity in an organization relate to its underlying capacity for execution and innovation? Existing literature often

Robert A. Burgelman, John K. Thomas
August 2018

This study of the transformation of the mobile device industry examines how cross-boundary disruption (XBD) superseded the incumbents’ sustaining innovation, which helps explain the rapid rise of Apple and Google Android and the equally rapid...

Aruna Ranganathan
July 30, 2018

Workers in developing economies face changing environments as work systems are brought in from developed economies. Under what conditions do these workers cooperate with or resist the importation of outside work institutions, management practices, and...

Aruna Ranganathan, Laura Doering
June 21, 2018

Under Review

Governments often collaborate with the private sector to design and implement major economic initiatives. In studying such state-society collaborations, sociologists tend to focus on how institutional contexts drive outcomes. Although this macro-level, institutional...

Yuliya Snihur, Llewellyn D.W. Thomas, Robert A. Burgelman
April 2018

Based on a longitudinal case study, this paper presents an ecosystem-level process model of the interlocking key activities of the business model disruptor, other ecosystem participants (customers, partners, media, analysts), and the incumbent. Together these...

Yuliya Snihur, Llewellyn D.W. Thomas, Robert A. Burgelman
April 2018

Despite increasing interest in business model innovation, there is only limited scholarship that examines how business model innovators present and explain their innovations to various stakeholders. As business model innovation often involves the creation of...

Jeffrey Pfeffer
April 2018

Artificial intelligence may destroy and transform millions of jobs, possibly exacerbating the shift in power from labor to capital.  Low birth rates, aging populations, and budgetary stringency leave countries ill-prepared to provide the training and...

Aruna Ranganathan, David Pedulla
March 28, 2018


Reconciling the competing demands of work and family life remains a persistent challenge for workers around the world. Yet, this burden is not shared equally. Women shoulder disproportionate family responsibilities, including caregiving, which can...

Amir Goldberg, Sarah K. Stein
March 2018

Network models of diffusion predominantly think about cultural variation as a product of social contagion. But culture does not spread like a virus. In this paper, we

Sarah K. Stein, Amir Goldberg, Sameer B. Srivastava
January 2018

This article examines how cultural matching relates to a job applicant’s likelihood of getting hired into an organization and identifies the components of cultural similarity that matter

Emilio Castilla, Aruna Ranganathan
January 2018

Merit is increasingly guiding employee decision-making in the corporate world. Yet little is known about how managers come to define merit and approach the evaluation of merit. We address this gap by offering a process...

Ashley Martin

Both practitioners and scholars have shown interest in initiatives that reduce bias and promote inclusion. Diversity ideologies—or beliefs and practices regarding how to approach group differences in diverse settings—have been studied as one set of...

Peter Belmi, Jeffrey Pfeffer

Journal of Organizational Behavior, in press

Competence and sociability (warmth) are fundamental dimensions of social judgment in organizations. However, these qualities are frequently seen as negatively related, with mixed evidence on which is more important....

Aruna Ranganathan, Alan Benson
December 1, 2017


While sociologists have long warned that employee monitoring alienates and demotivates workers, early management theorists have argued that monitoring pushes workers to perform better. This paper adjudicates between these rival perspectives by exploring the...

Hayagreeva Rao, Sunasir Dutta
November 2017

We extend the emergent lens on strategy formulation by arguing that great strategies arise from insurgent identity movements. In motivating the paper, we depict Steve Jobs as an activist constituted by the personal computing movement...