Research by the Sustainable Energy Initiative

Peer-reviewed journal articles, working papers, and other publications apply Stanford’s interdisciplinary strengths in engineering, economics, business, and energy policy to increase global knowledge of low-carbon energy technologies.

Stephen Comello, Stefan J. Reichelstein, Anshuman Sahoo
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. September
2018, Vol. 92, Pages 744-756

Over the past decade, solar photovoltaic (PV) power has experienced dramatic deployment growth coupled with substantial decreases in system prices. This article examines how solar PV power is currently positioned...

John E. Bistline, Stephen D. Comello, Anshuman Sahoo
Energy. May
2018, Vol. 151, Pages 211-225

Many irreversible long-run capital investments entail opportunities for managers to respond flexibly to changes in the economic environment. However, common levelized cost measures used to guide decision-making, such as the...

Gunther Glenk, Stefan J. Reichelstein
April 2018

We examine the magnitude of synergistic effects in vertically integrated energy systems that arise when the external market for an intermediate input (electricity) is imperfect and the two subsystems are...

Gunther Glenk, Stefan J. Reichelstein
December 2017

Hydrogen has long been heralded as a potentially critical element in the transition to a low carbon economy. The recent sharp cost declines for renewable energy raise the question whether...

John E. Bistline, Stephen D. Comello, Anshuman Sahoo
August 5, 2017

Many irreversible long-run capital investments entail opportunities for managers to respond flexibly to changes in the economic environment. However, common levelized cost measures used to guide decision-making, such as the...

Peter C. Psarras, Stephen Comello, Praveen Bains, Panunya Charoensawadpong, Stefan J. Reichelstein, Jennifer Wilcox
Environment Science Technology. August
2017, Vol. 51, Issue 19, Pages 11440-11449

The fabrication and manufacturing processes of industrial commodities such as iron, glass, and cement are carbon-intensive, accounting for 23% of global CO2 emissions. As a climate mitigation strategy, CO2 capture...

A. Bumpus, Stephen Comello
Nature Climate Change. June
2017, Vol. 7, Issue 6, Pages 382-385

Early-stage capital providers and clean energy technology incubators are supporting a new wave of innovations focused on end-use efficiency and demand control. This wave complements expanding investments in supply technologies...

Stefan J. Reichelstein, Anshuman Sahoo
Contemporary Accounting Research. May
31 , 2017

A basic tenet of microeconomics is that for a competitive industry in equilibrium the market price of a product will be equal to its marginal cost. This paper develops a...

Stephen D. Comello, Stefan J. Reichelstein, Anshuman Sahoo, Tobias Schmidt
World Development. January
20 , 2017

Rural electrification rates in India lag behind government goals, in part due to the inability of distribution companies (discoms) to fund central grid expansion. In the absence of central grid...

Stephen Comello, Stefan J. Reichelstein
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. November
16 , 2016

The policy of net metering allows operators of residential- and commercial solar PV systems to sell surplus electricity back to their utility at the going retail rate. This policy has...