Train Them to Retain Them: Work-Readiness and Retention of First-Time Women Workers in India

Train Them to Retain Them: Work-Readiness and Retention of First-Time Women Workers in India

Administrative Science Quarterly (accepted).
2017

In this paper, I explore when and why workplace training facilitates the retention of first time workers from historically underrepresented groups in formal employment. I argue that training conducted by experienced trainers is effective at preventing such workers from dropping out soon after they are hired. I also argue that experienced trainers promote retention by inculcating “work-readiness” learning needed to survive at work, concentrating on self-presentation, interpersonal communication, work-life separation and self-reliance. I develop and evaluate this theory using ethnographic, personnel and survey data on a sample of first-time women workers entering a large factory in India, and exploiting exogenous variation in their assignment to trainers with varying levels of experience. This paper contributes to the literature on organizational inequality by demonstrating that workplace training can successfully foster retention of first-time workers from historically underrepresented groups, through the agents delivering the training and content of training. It also contributes to the socialization literature by focusing on an understudied population of workers, thus highlighting the significance of experienced socialization agents in organizations and the mechanism of work-readiness learning explicitly imparted in socializing newcomers.