Working Papers

These papers are working drafts of research which often appear in final form in academic journals. The published versions may differ from the working versions provided here.

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Saumitra Jha, Moses Shayo
July 26, 2018

How can we help individuals handle financial decisions in an increasingly complex environment? We explore an easily scalable avenue for improving financial understanding: learning by online trading in stocks. We randomly assign 1345 adults incentives...

Laura Blattner, Luísa Farinha, Francisco Rebelo
June 26, 2018

Winner 2017 BlackRock Applied Research Award

AQR Top Finance Graduate Award 2018

We provide evidence that a weak banking sector contributed to low productivity following the European debt crisis. An unexpected increase in capital requirements...

Shai Bernstein, Emanuele Colonnelli, Davide Malacrino, Timothy James McQuade
June 19, 2018

New firm formation is a critical driver of job creation, and an important contributor to the responsiveness of the economy to aggregate shocks. In this paper we examine the characteristics of the individuals who become...

Saumitra Jha, Moses Shayo
May 25, 2018

Can participation in financial markets lead individuals to re-evaluate the costs of conflict, change their political attitudes and even their votes? Prior to the 2015 Israeli elections, we randomly assigned Palestinian and Israeli financial assets...

Peter A.E. Koudijs, Laura Salisbury, Gurpal Sran
March 28, 2018

We study whether banks are riskier if managers have less liability. We focus on New England between 1867 and 1880 and consider the introduction of marital property laws that limited liability for newly wedded bankers....

Shai Bernstein, Timothy James McQuade, Richard R. Townsend
March 18, 2018

We investigate how the deterioration of household balance sheets affects worker productivity, and whether such effects mitigate or amplify economic downturns. To do so, we compare the output of innovative workers who were employed at...

Zhengyang Jiang, Arvind Krishnamurthy, Hanno Lustig
March 15, 2018

The convenience yield that foreign investors derive from holding U.S. Treasurys causes a failure of Covered Interest Rate Parity by driving a wedge between the yield on the foreign bonds and the currency-hedged yield on...

Darrell Duffie, Leif Andersen, Yang Song
March 13, 2018

We demonstrate that the funding value adjustments (FVAs) of major dealers are debt-overhang costs to their shareholders. In order to maximize shareholder value, dealer quotations therefore adjust for FVAs. Our case examples include interest-rate swap...

Chris Hennessy, Akitada Kasahara, Ilya A. Strebulaev
March 12, 2018

Absent theoretical guidance, empiricists have been forced to rely upon numerical comparative statics from constant tax rate models in formulating testable implications of tradeoff theory in the context of natural experiments. We fill the theoretical...

Paul Brest, Mark A. Wolfson, Ronald J. Gilson
March 2018

Most investors have a single goal: to earn the highest financial return. These socially-neutral investors maximize their risk-adjusted returns and would not accept a lower financial return from an investment that also produced social benefits....

Darrell Duffie, Piotr Dworczak
March 2018

Recent scandals over the manipulation of LIBOR, foreign exchange benchmarks, and other financial benchmarks have spurred policy discussions over their appropriate design. We characterize the optimal fixing of a benchmark as an estimator of a...

Arvind Krishnamurthy, Viral V. Acharya
February 28, 2018

We examine theoretically the role of reserves management and macro-prudential capital controls as ex-post and ex-ante safeguards, respectively, against sudden stops, and argue that these measures are complements rather than substitutes. Absent capital controls, reserves...

Aleksandar Andonov, Joshua D. Rauh
February 2018

Institutional investors rely on past performance in setting future return expectations, and these extrapolative expectations affect their target asset allocations. Drawing on newly-required disclosures for U.S. public pension funds, a group that manages approximately $4...

Juliane Begenau, Erik Strafford
January 29, 2018

We decompose bank activities into passive and active components and evaluate the performance of the active components of the bank business model by controlling for passive maturity transformation strategies that can be executed in the...

Shai Bernstein, Josh Lerner, Filippo Mezzanotti
January 3, 2018

Does private equity (PE) contribute to financial fragility during economic crises? Academics and regulators have worried that the proliferation of poorly structured transactions during booms may increase the vulnerability of the economy to downturns. During...

Laura Blattner, Luísa Farinha, Gil Nogueira
2018

This paper studies the transmission channels of the European Central Bank’s (ECB) asset purchase programs via the banking sector using proprietary data from the Bank of Portugal. Banks that hold larger amounts of assets eligible...

Barney Hartman-Glaser, Benjamin Hébert
December 29, 2017

We model the widespread failure of contracts to share risk using available indices. A borrower and lender can share risk by conditioning repayments on an index. The lender has private information about the ability of...

Rohan Douglas, Antje Berndt, Darrell Duffie, Mark Ferguson
November 25, 2017

We measure credit risk premia, meaning the price for bearing corporate default risk in excess of expected default losses, using Markit CDS and Moody’s Analytics EDF data. We find dramatic variation over time in credit...

Anat R. Admati, Peter M. DeMarzo, Martin F. Hellwig, Paul Pfleiderer
November 2017

Firms’ inability to commit to future funding choices has profound consequences for capital structure dynamics. With debt in place, shareholders pervasively resist leverage reductions no matter how much such reductions may enhance firm value. Shareholders...

Laura Blattner, Luísa Farinha, Francisca Rebelo
October 31, 2017

We study how debt frictions and demand affect corporate investment using administrative data from a large temporary investment tax credit in Portugal. We obtain exogenous variation in demand for exporting firms from product-destination-level changes in...