Models of Corporate Governance. Who's the Fairest of Them All?
In 2007, corporate governance became a well-discussed topic in the business press. Newspapers produced detailed accounts of corporate fraud, accounting scandals, excessive compensation, and other perceived organizational failures—many of which culminated in lawsuits, resignations, and bankruptcy. Central to these stories was the assumption that somehow corporate governance was to blame. That is, there was a functional failure in the system of checks and balances established to prevent abuse by executives. This case explores the various corporate governance systems that have been adopted in the United States and in various countries in Europe and Asia. The issues of control, director independence, auditor independence, dual-board versus unitary-board structure, comply-or-explain, and legislative versus market-driven solutions are explored. Readers are asked to evaluate what governance systems or elements they consider to be most effective. Plentiful examples—including Johnson & Johnson, BMW Group, Michelin, Heineken, Toyota, Samsung, Posco, PetroChina, Infosys, and many others—are used throughout as illustration.