Data-Driven Decisions for Reducing Readmissions for Heart Failure: General Methodology and Case Study

Data-Driven Decisions for Reducing Readmissions for Heart Failure: General Methodology and Case Study

By
Mohsen Bayati, Mark Braverman, Michael Gillam, Karen M. Mack, George Ruiz, Mark S. Smith, Eric Horvitz
PLoS One. October
2014, Vol. 9, Issue 10

Several studies have focused on stratifying patients according to their level of readmission risk, fueled in part by incentive programs in the U.S. that link readmission rates to the annual payment update by Medicare. Patient-specific predictions about readmission have not seen widespread use because of their limited accuracy and questions about the efficacy of using measures of risk to guide clinical decisions. We construct a predictive model for readmissions for congestive heart failure (CHF) and study how its predictions can be used to perform patient-specific interventions. We assess the cost-effectiveness of a methodology that combines prediction and decision making to allocate interventions. The results highlight the importance of combining predictions with decision analysis.