Games with Imperfectly Observable Actions in Continuous Time

Games with Imperfectly Observable Actions in Continuous Time

Econometrica. September
2007, Vol. 75, Issue 5, Pages 1285-1329

This paper investigates a new class of two-player games in continuous time, in which the players’ observations of each other’s actions are distorted by Brownian motions. These games are analogous to repeated games with imperfect monitoring in which the players take actions frequently. Using a differential equation, we find the set ℰ(r) of payoff pairs achievable by all public perfect equilibria of the continuous-time game, where r is the discount rate. The same differential equation allows us to find public perfect equilibria that achieve any value pair on the boundary of the set ℰ(r). These public perfect equilibria are based on a pair of continuation values as a state variable, which moves along the boundary of ℰ(r) during the course of the game. In order to give players incentives to take actions that are not static best responses, the pair of continuation values is stochastically driven by the players’ observations of each other’s actions along the boundary of the set ℰ(r).