This case (A), and its related cases (B-E), establish a setting to discuss an M&A transaction and some of the key legal contracts that are associated with it. In 2010, private equity backed food manufacturer Pierre Foods is contemplating the acquisition of a key competitor, Advance Foods. The acquisition would be debt financed, and would involve the “rollover” of an equity stake by the selling shareholders. There are five key documents to be negotiated: The Stock Purchase Agreement (Cases B-1, B-2), the Stockholders’ and Registration Rights Agreements (Cases C-1, C-2), the Credit Agreement (Cases D-1, D-2), and the Employment Agreement (Cases E-1, E-2). These agreements have been drafted, but each contain a handful of open business points which the parties need to resolve. The cases look at these open points from the perspective of each of the key parties involved, including Pierre’s majority shareholder, Oaktree Capital Management, the selling shareholders, the target’s management team, and the lenders to the acquisition facility. Overall, these cases can be used to understand the unique elements of a complex corporate transaction, how the key documents allocate risk and value, and how parties may make trade-offs to achieve outcomes that best match their priorities.