In this article we integrate three disparate views of culture and cultural change. With each view comes a distinct set of implications about the nature, scope, source(s), and consequences of culture change. Each view also suggests distinct implications for those who wish to manage cultural change in organizations. We argue that to understand how organizations change, in general, it is important to understand these disparate, yet interrelated processes of cultural change. We present these three views of culture and cultural change processes in organizations.
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Reprinted in Burrell et al., Organizational Studies: Critical Perspectives, Routledge, 2001.
Reprinted in C. Cooper and W. Starbuck (Eds.), Work: Contexts and Consequences, Sage, London, 2005.