Working Papers

These papers are working drafts of research which often appear in final form in academic journals. The published versions may differ from the working versions provided here.

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David W. Lehman, Balázs Kovács, Glenn R. Carroll
June 4, 2014

Organization theory highlights the spread of norms of rationality in contemporary life. Yet rationality does not always spread without friction; individuals often act based on other beliefs and norms. We explore this problem in the...

Charles A. O’Reilly, Michael L. Tushman
2013

Organizational ambidexterity refers to the ability of an organization to both explore and exploitto compete in mature technologies and markets where efficiency, control, and incremental improvement are prized and to also compete in new technologies...

Giacomo Negro, Michael T. Hannan, Magali Fassiotto
November 2012

We propose that category membership can operate as a collective market signal for quality when low-quality producers face higher costs of gaining membership. The strength of membership as a collective signal increases with the distinctiveness,...

Jeffrey Pfeffer, Sanford DeVoe
2012

People acquire ways of thinking about time partly in and from work organizations, where the control and measurement of time use is a prominent feature of modern managementan inevitable consequence of employees selling their time...

Jeffrey Pfeffer, Sanford DeVoe, Byron Lee
2012

The authors investigate how both the amount and source of income affects the importance placed on money using a longitudinal analysis of the British Household Panel Survey and evidence from two laboratory experiments. Larger amounts...

Michael T. Hannan, Elizabeth Pontikes
2012

This paper proposes that social categorization is driven by an ecological dynamic that operates in two planes: feature space and category space. It develops a theoretical model that links positions in feature space to label...

Charles A. O’Reilly, Brian G.M. Main
2012

The central argument for increasing the number of women on corporate boards of directors has been the so-called business case for diversity which proposes that women and minorities add valuable new perspectives that result in...

Robert A. Burgelman
2011

Longitudinal qualitative research combining grounded theorizing and insights from modern historical methods can generate novel conceptual frameworks that establish theoretical bridges between historical narratives and reductionist quantitative models. To capitalize fully on this potential theory-bridging...

Michael T. Hannan, Balazs Kovacs
2011

A general finding in economic and organizational sociology states that producers and products that span categories lose appeal to audiences. This paper argues that to assess the consequences of category spanning researchers need to take...

Michael T. Hannan, Laszlo Polos
2011

Why do organizations generally lose their competitive edge as they get older? Recent theory and research on the dynamics of audiences and categories in markets sheds some new light on issues of organizational obsolescence....

Jeffrey Pfeffer
2010

Entrepreneurship is risky. Most new technologies and new businesses fail. Shane (2008) reported that 25% of new businesses failed in the first year and that by the fifth year, fewer than half had survived. In...

Michael T. Hannan, Gael Mens, Laszlo Polos
2010

This paper proposes a novel theoretical framework to model the dynamics of organizational mortality. The main theoretical contribution is a clarification of the relations between organizational fitness, endowment, organizational capital and mortality hazard. If the...

Jeffrey Pfeffer, Sanford DeVoe
2010

The common heuristic association between scarcity and value implies that more valuable things appear scarcer (King, Hicks, & Abdelkhalik, 2009), an effect we show applies to time. In a series of studies we find that...

Robert A. Burgelman, Andrew Grove
2010

The Bass seminars at the Stanford University Graduate School of Business offer faculty and small groups of students the opportunity to interact in highly focused and intense ways on research topics of common interest. Our...

Jeffrey Pfeffer
2009

There is surprisingly little evaluation of business school or, for that matter, company leadership development efforts. What evidence exists suggests that business schools have not been particularly effective, overall, in their leadership development activities. In...

Michael T. Hannan, Greta Hsu, Laszlo Polos
2009

This paper introduces modal logics to a sociological audience. We first provide an overview of the formal properties of this family of models and outline key differences with classical first-order logic. We then build a...

Robert A. Burgelman
2009

This paper offers a perspective on how Ilya Prigogines theoretical ideas rooted in the physical sciences can inform and inspire organization theory and strategic management scholars. To that end, the next section of this paper...

Robert A. Burgelman
2009

The paper reports the research done in the Stanford University Graduate School of Business 2008 Bass Seminar Strategic Thinking in Action - In Business and Beyond: The United States Quest for Energy Resilience, taught by...

Jeffrey Pfeffer, Sanford DeVoe
2009

We examine how the practice of accounting for ones timeso that work can be billed or charged to specific clients or projectsaffects the decision to allocate time to volunteer activities. Using longitudinal data collected from...

Michael T. Hannan, Greta Hsu, Laszlo Polos
2009

We develop a unifying framework to integrate two of organizational sociologys theory fragments on categorization: typecasting and form emergence. Typecasting is a producer-level theory that considers the consequences producers face for specializing versus spanning across...