Evolving Null Hypotheses and the Base Rate Fallacy: A Functional Interpretation of Scientific Myth

By Brian Gibbs
1996| Working Paper No. 1381

The meaning of an experimental result depends on the experiment’s conceptual backdrop, particularly its null hypothesis. This observation provides the basis for a functional interpretation of belief in the base rate fallacy. On this interpretation, if the base rate fallacy is to be labelled a “myth,” then it should be recognized that this label is not necessarily a disparging one.