Political Economics

Political economics is an interdisciplinary field focusing on the nonmarket, collective, and political activity of individuals and organizations.

The PhD Program in political economics prepares students for research and teaching positions by providing rigorous training in theoretical and empirical techniques. The intellectual foundation for the program is positive political economy, which includes formal models of rational choice, collective action, political institutions, political competition, and behavioral political economy. Development and extensions of theories are often combined with empirical analysis, including the identification of causal effects.

Students become involved in research early in the program. They begin their own research during the first year and are required to write research papers during the summers following the first and second years. The program is flexible and allows ample opportunity to tailor coursework and research to individual interests. The program is small by design to promote close interaction between students and faculty.

Fields of Inquiry

Specific fields of inquiry include:

  • Bureaucratic politics
  • Comparative institutions
  • Constitutional choice
  • Elections
  • Government and business
  • Interest groups
  • Judicial institutions
  • Law and economics
  • Legislative behavior and organization
  • Macro political economy
  • Political economy of development
  • Political behavior and public opinion
  • Regulation

Cross-campus Collaboration

The program, embedded in the larger community of political economics scholars at Stanford University, combines the resources of Stanford GSB with opportunities to study in the departments of economics and political science.

Drawing on the offerings of all three units, students have a unique opportunity to combine the strengths of economic methods and analytical political science and to apply them to the study of political economy. The program involves coursework in economic theory, econometrics, game theory, political theory, and theories of institutions and organizations.

Preparation and Qualifications

Faculty selects students on the basis of predicted performance in the PhD Program. Because of the rigorous nature of the program, a substantial background or ability in the use of analytical methods is an important factor in the admission decision.

In many instances, successful applicants have majored in economics, mathematics, or political science as undergraduates. However, this background is not a prerequisite for admission.

Students are expected to have, or to obtain during their first year, mathematical skill at the level of one year of calculus and one course each in linear algebra, analysis, probability, optimization, and statistics.

The successful applicant usually has clearly defined career goals that are compatible with the purposes of the program and is interested in doing basic research in empirical and/or theoretical political economics.

Recent Journal Articles in Political Economics

Kirk Bansak, Jens Hainmueller, Dominik Hangartner
Science. October
14, 2016, Vol. 354, Issue 6309, Pages 217-222
David Broockman, Timothy J. Ryan
American Journal of Political Science. October
2016, Vol. 60, Issue 4, Pages 1093-1107
Jens Hainmueller, Dominik Hangartner, Duncan Lawrence
Science Advances. August
2016, Vol. 2, Issue 8

Recent Insights by Stanford Business

October 24, 2016
New research examines the role of wait times on asylum-seekers’ job prospects and ability to integrate.
Syrian refugees working on handicrafts | Reuters/Muhammad Hamed
September 30, 2016
A Stanford scholar examines how we got to Trump and Clinton, who will likely win, and what it means for our future.
U.S. presidential nominee Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton at first presidential debate | REUTERS/Pool
April 19, 2016
Consumer-directed health plans were created to offer choice and control costs. One scholar examines their effectiveness.
A closeup of a doctor and a stethoscope | Photo Collage (sources: Reuters/Gary Cameron; Reuters/Regis Duvignau)